When you look at the kids sitting in a Matric class, the class does not look half empty. But the numbers show that of the class that started school 12 years ago, only half are currently sitting in a Matric class. Half will have failed school and dropped out of the system before they get to the end of Grade 12.
How many of the kids that started school 12 years ago, will have a degree three years after they complete Matric? The most recent research shows that it is 9,9%.
How your education level impact your income
Your level of education is one of the biggest factors determining your income. There is a direct relationship between starting salaries and level of education. In fact, just one more year of education can double your income potential.
Here is the average starting salary you can expect, based on your level of education. This is based on research done in 2016.
- No school education: R 1 704
- Grade 1 to Grade 7 incomplete: R 1 867
- Completed Primary School (Grade 7 completed): R 1 946
- Grade 8 to Grade 12 incomplete: R 2 660
- Grade 12 completed: R4 977
- Grade 12 with Certificate (one year of study after matric): R 8 326
- Grade 12 with Diploma (two years of study after matric): R13 378
- Bachelor’s degree: R 21 527
The impact of unemployment
Unemployment is much much higher for people who are unskilled, or semi-skilled. Not only do they earn much less than skilled and highly skilled workers, they also find it much harder to find a job.
According to an article in the Mail and Guardian, last year the public employment services division of the labour department was able to find job placement for only 2% of the five million people on its database. If you are unskilled or semi-skilled, then you are competing with literally millions of people for the very few jobs available.
According to a report, Employment, Unemployment, Skills and Economic Growth by Statistics South Africa, the different levels of education can be linked to jobs or occupations as follows:
- Unskilled workers: Domestic workers, Elementary jobs
- Semi-skilled workers: Machine operators, Crafts, Skilled agriculture, Sales and Services, Clerks
- Skilled and Highly Skilled workers: Managers, Professionals, Technicians
In 2014, 25% of the workforce was Skilled. So if you want to be in the top 25%, you need to get training and education up to the Skilled level.
Will I find a job?
Unemployment today, compared to 12 years ago, is higher for all levels of education. There are more jobs, and more skilled workers. But there are even more people chasing those jobs.
So it is more difficult across all levels of skills to find a job today, compared to 12 years ago.
The success rate of finding jobs, based on your level of education is currently as follows:
- Unskilled workers: 6.2%
- Semi-skilled workers: 11.1%
- Skilled workers: 47.3%
- High-skilled workers: 93.2%
How will I get a job and build a career if I failed school?
Here is the common sense advice for people who did not finish school. And even for people who did finish school, but did not study further.
I work for Skills Academy, so you can expect me to suggest you study!
- In South Africa unemployment amongst the youth is much higher than for older people. Youth means people younger than 35 years old. So as a young person you must work doubly hard at finding a job. You must get a job. Any job. The longer you are unemployed, the harder you will find it to stay motivated to keep on looking for a job.
- Read this article for some common sense advice on finding a job.
- You must study. Study something… anything. Prospective employers will be impressed if you show your initiative and tenacity in studying, even though you are poor and unemployed. Employers love self-starters who take personal responsibility for their lives. Reading a book is also studying. You don’t need money to study.
- Read up on scarce skills. And try to get started on a qualification that links to a scarce skill. Scarce skills are areas of employment where there is a shortage of trained staff to do the work. If you have a scarce skills qualification, the jobs will come looking for you! TVET Colleges specifically offer training in Scarce Skills.
- Study a course with the Institute of Certified Bookkeepers (ICB). You can get accepted on many of the ICB courses without a matric.
- If you want to study towards a scarce skill, you will find that most of the ICB courses link to scarce skills.
- Sending out lots of CVs and job applications is a waste of time. Stop wasting your time like this. To get a job you must “pound the pavement”. You need to be going to places of work, asking for meetings in person. And asking for jobs.
- The way that people find real jobs, is via their contacts and via word of mouth. Use all your connections. Chat to your priest, teachers, old teachers, family, friends, friends of friends. Know someone who has a job? Get them to get you a meeting with a manager or HR department. Everybody who knows you, must be looking for a job for you.
- Stop being picky. There is no such thing as a “decent job”. All work has value. So show people that you are willing to do ANY job.
- What you want to do, is get your foot in the door. Even if you work for free, you are now in a real work environment. And when a job comes up, you will be in to front of the line to get that job.
- Offer to work for free.
- When you get a job, work harder than anyone else. Arrive first, and leave last. That is how you get noticed. That is how you get the next opportunity.
- Don’t give up. You are busy with a 30 year project. And the people who are the most tenacious, wins big. People who give up, and who complaints and spend all their time feeling sorry for themselves, get left behind.
- Tenacity is the only thing that matters. Tenacity means persistence, perseverance, determination, stubbornness.
This can be you.
Don’t give up!
About the Author
Jan Badenhorst works as the CEO of Skills Academy. Skills Academy offers Home Study Courses to people who never completed Matric, or who cannot get entry into Universities.